An automated method for adaptive radiation therapy for prostate cancer patients using continuous fiducial-based tracking

C. E. Noel, L. Santanam, J. R. Olsen, K. W. Baker, P. J. Parikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electromagnetic tracking technology is primarily used for continuous prostate localization during radiotherapy, but offers potential value for evaluation of dosimetric coverage and adequacy of treatment for dynamic targets. We developed a highly automated method for daily computation of cumulative dosimetric effects of intra- and inter-fraction target motion for prostate cancer patients using fiducial-based electromagnetic tracking. A computer program utilizing real-time tracking data was written to (1) prospectively determine appropriate rotational/translational motion limits for patients treated with continuous isocenter localization; (2) retrospectively analyze dosimetric target coverage after daily treatment, and (3) visualize three-dimensional rotations and translations of the prostate with respect to the planned target volume and dose matrix. We present phantom testing and a patient case to validate and demonstrate the utility of this application. Gamma analysis of planar dose computed by our application demonstrated accuracy within 1%/1 mm. Dose computation of a patient treatment revealed high variation in minimum dose to the prostate (Dmin) over 40 fractions and a drop in the Dmin of ≈8% between a 5 mm and a 3 mm PTV margin plan. The infrastructure has been created for patient-specific treatment evaluation using continuous tracking data. This application can be used to increase confidence in treatment delivery to targets influenced by motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-82
Number of pages18
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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