An analysis of FDA-approved drugs for infectious disease: Antibacterial agents

Michael S. Kinch, Eric Patridge, Mark Plummer, Denton Hoyer

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

93 Scopus citations


Drugs targeting infectious diseases have greatly improved public health. A study to evaluate all US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved new molecular entities (NMEs) reveals that the number of new agents targeting infectious disease peaked during the 1990s and declined rapidly thereafter. Molecules targeting bacterial pathogens represent the most common component of anti-infectives followed by antivirals and antifungals. Focusing on antibacterial agents, an increase in new NMEs predominated from the 1960s through to the 1990s, dropping sharply thereafter. Obsolescence and resistance has eliminated one-third of these drugs. Consequently, the arsenal of antibiotics peaked in 2000 and is declining. Likewise, the number of organizations awarded at least one NME for a bacterial indication has declined to a level not seen in more than a half century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1287
Number of pages5
JournalDrug Discovery Today
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014


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