American Society of Hematology living guidelines on the use of anticoagulation for thromboprophylaxis for patients with COVID-19: March 2022 update on the use of anticoagulation in critically ill patients

Adam Cuker, Eric K. Tseng, Holger J. Schunemann, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Clifton Blair, Kathryn Dane, Maria T. DeSancho, David Diuguid, Daniel O. Griffin, Susan R. Kahn, Frederikus A. Klok, Alfred Ian Lee, Ignacio Neumann, Ashok Pai, Marc Righini, Kristen M. Sanfilippo, Deborah M. Siegal, Mike Skara, Deirdra R. Terrell, Kamshad TouriElie A. Akl, Reyad Al Jabiri, Yazan Al Jabiri, Mary Boulos, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Rana Charide, Luis E. Colunga-Lozano, Karin Dearness, Andrea J. Darzi, Samer G. Karam, Gian Paolo Morgano, Rami Z. Morsi, Binu A. Philip, Yetiani Roldan Benitez, Adrienne Stevens, Karla Solo, Wojtek Wiercioch, Reem A. Mustafa, Robby Nieuwlaat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: COVID-19–related critical illness is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Objective: These evidence-based guidelines of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) are intended to support patients, clinicians, and other health care professionals in decisions about the use of anticoagulation for patients with COVID-19. Methods: ASH formed a multidisciplinary guideline panel, including 3 patient representatives, and applied strategies to minimize potential bias from conflicts of interest. The McMaster University Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Centre supported the guideline development process, including performing systematic evidence reviews (up to January 2022). The panel prioritized clinical questions and outcomes according to their importance for clinicians and patients. The panel used the GRADE approach to assess evidence and make recommendations, which were subject to public comment. This is an update to guidelines published in February 2021 and May 2021 as part of the living phase of these guidelines. Results: The panel made 1 additional recommendation: a conditional recommendation for the use of prophylactic-intensity over therapeutic-intensity anticoagulation for patients with COVID-19–related critical illness who do not have suspected or confirmed VTE. The panel emphasized the need for an individualized assessment of thrombotic and bleeding risk. Conclusions: This conditional recommendation was based on very low certainty in the evidence, underscoring the need for additional, high-quality, randomized controlled trials comparing different intensities of anticoagulation for patients with COVID-19–related critical illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4975-4982
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Advances
Volume6
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2022

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