Objectives: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the safety and functionality of the Alterra Adaptive Prestent and SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valve (THV) in patients with dysfunctional, dilated right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) greater or equal to moderate pulmonary regurgitation (PR). Background: Significant variations in the size and morphology of the RVOT affect the placement of transcatheter pulmonary valves. The Alterra Prestent internally reduces and reconfigures the RVOT, providing a stable landing zone for the 29-mm SAPIEN 3 THV. Methods: Eligible patients had moderate or greater PR, weighed >20 kg, and had RVOT diameter 27 to 38 mm and length >35 mm. The primary endpoint was device success, a 5-item composite: 1 Alterra Prestent deployed in the desired location, 1 SAPIEN 3 THV implanted in the desired location within the Prestent, right ventricular–to–pulmonary artery peak-to-peak gradient <35 mm Hg after THV implantation, less than moderate PR at discharge, and no explantation 24 h post-implantation. The secondary composite endpoint was freedom from THV dysfunction (RVOT/pulmonary valve (PV) reintervention, greater or equal to moderate total PR, mean RVOT/PV gradient ≥ 35 mm Hg at 30 days and 6 months. Descriptive statistics are reported. Results: Enrolled patients (N = 15) had a median age and weight of 20 years and 61.7 kg, respectively; 93.3% were in New York Heart Association functional class I or II. Device success was 100%. No staged procedures were necessary. No THV dysfunction was reported to 6 months. No serious safety signals were reported. Conclusions: This early feasibility study demonstrated the safety and functionality of the Alterra Adaptive Prestent in patients with congenital RVOT dysfunction and moderate or greater PR. Durability and long-term outcome data are needed.
- Alterra Adaptive Prestent
- SAPIEN 3 THV
- pulmonary regurgitation
- right ventricle outflow tract/pulmonary valve dysfunction
- transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement