Allergies, Preoperative Narcotic Use, and Increased Age Predict Failed Same-Day Discharge After Joint Replacement

Elizabeth G. Lieberman, Erik J. Hansen, John C. Clohisy, Ryan M. Nunley, Charles M. Lawrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Identifying predictors of failed same-day discharge (SDD) is critical for patient selection. We evaluated patient factors associated with failure of SDD in patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a hospital setting. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) between January 31, 2018 and February 1, 2020 by one of the 3 fellowship-trained arthroplasty surgeons. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and clinical data were collected. Analysis was performed to assess risk factors for failed SDD. Results: In total, 2615 TJAs (1425 TKAs, 1190 THAs) were performed over the study period. Two hundred seventy-one (10.4%) were SDDs (80 TKAs, 191 THAs). There were fewer TKAs than THAs (5.6% vs 16.1%, P < .001). Forty-five patients failed SDD (16.6%). Failure rates were similar in TKA and THA (18.8%, 15.7%, P = .54). The most common reasons for failure of SDD were hypotension (11, 24.4%), delayed resolution of spinal anesthesia (11, 24.4%), and nausea (5, 11.1%). Age over 70 years (P = .007), greater than 2 self-reported allergies (P < .001), and preoperative narcotic use (P = .01) were associated with failure of SDD. Gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, and prior TJA were not significantly associated (P > .05). Conclusion: Success of SDD was greater than 80%. Hypotension, delayed resolution of spinal anesthesia, and nausea accounted for 60% of failures of SDD. Patients >70 years, those with >2 self-reported drug allergies, or patients who used preoperative narcotics were at high risk for failure of SDD after THA or TKA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S168-S172
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • joint arthroplasty
  • outpatient arthroplasty
  • same-day discharge
  • total hip arthroplasty
  • total knee arthroplasty

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