Alexithymia and temperament and character model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men

Cuneyt Evren, Samet Kose, Kemal Sayar, Basak Ozcelik, Jeffrey P. Borckardt, Jon D. Elhai, C. Robert Cloninger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Aims: Alexithymia, a personality trait characterized as having problems identifying, describing, and working with one's own feelings, often marked by a lack of understanding of the feelings of others, is only partly described within the context of personality. The aim of the present study was therefore to study the prevalence of alexithymia among male alcohol-dependent inpatients and investigate the relationship between alexithymia and the dimensions of Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality. Methods: The Turkish version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were administered to 111 male alcohol-dependent inpatients. Results: TAS-20 scores correlated positively with harm avoidance and self-transcendence and negatively with self-directedness and cooperativeness. Regression analysis identified high harm avoidance and self-transcendence and low self-directedness as independent predictors of alexithymia. Also harm avoidance and self-transcendence predicted alexithymia in a logistic regression model. Conclusions: Alexithymia can be explained by specific dimensions within Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)371-378
    Number of pages8
    JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
    Volume62
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

    Keywords

    • Alexithymia
    • Character
    • Personality
    • Temperament

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    Evren, C., Kose, S., Sayar, K., Ozcelik, B., Borckardt, J. P., Elhai, J. D., & Cloninger, C. R. (2008). Alexithymia and temperament and character model of personality in alcohol-dependent Turkish men. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62(4), 371-378. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01829.x