Airway Management During Upper GI Endoscopic Procedures: State of the Art Review

Basavana Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the growing popularity of propofol mediated deep sedation for upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures, challenges are being felt and appreciated. Research suggests that management of the airway is anything but routine in this setting. Although many studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated the safety of propofol sedation administered by registered nurses under the supervision of gastroenterologists (likely related to the lighter degrees of sedation than those provided by anesthesia providers and is under medicolegal controversy in the United States), there is no agreement on the optimum airway management for procedures such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Failure to rescue an airway at an appropriate time has led to disastrous consequences. Inability to evaluate and appreciate the risk factors for aspiration can ruin the day for both the patient and the health care providers. This review apprises the reader of various aspects of airway management relevant to the practice of sedation during upper GI endoscopy. New devices and modification of existing devices are discussed in detail. Recognizing the fact that appropriate monitoring is important for timely recognition and management of potential airway disasters, these issues are explored thoroughly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Advanced endoscopy
  • Airway devices endoscopy
  • Anesthesia
  • Anesthesia tips endoscopy
  • ERCP

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