Age-Related Differences in Auditory Cortex Activity During Spoken Word Recognition

Chad S. Rogers, Michael S. Jones, Sarah McConkey, Brent Spehar, Kristin J. Van Engen, Mitchell S. Sommers, Jonathan E. Peelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding spoken words requires the rapid matching of a complex acoustic stimulus with stored lexical representations. The degree to which brain networks supporting spoken word recognition are affected by adult aging remains poorly understood. In the current study we used fMRI to measure the brain responses to spoken words in two conditions: an attentive listening condition, in which no response was required, and a repetition task. Listeners were 29 young adults (aged 19–30 years) and 32 older adults (aged 65–81 years) without self-reported hearing difficulty. We found largely similar patterns of activity during word perception for both young and older adults, centered on the bilateral superior temporal gyrus. As expected, the repetition condition resulted in significantly more activity in areas related to motor planning and execution (including the premotor cortex and supplemental motor area) compared to the attentive listening condition. Importantly, however, older adults showed significantly less activity in probabilistically defined auditory cortex than young adults when listening to individual words in both the attentive listening and repetition tasks. Age differences in auditory cortex activity were seen selectively for words (no age differences were present for 1-channel vocoded speech, used as a control condition), and could not be easily explained by accuracy on the task, movement in the scanner, or hearing sensitivity (available on a subset of participants). These findings indicate largely similar patterns of brain activity for young and older adults when listening to words in quiet, but suggest less recruitment of auditory cortex by the older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-473
Number of pages22
JournalNeurobiology of Language
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cognitive aging
  • Speech perception
  • Speech production

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