Age as an independent prognostic factor in patients with glioblastoma: A radiation therapy oncology group and American College of Surgeons National Cancer Data Base comparison

Malika L. Siker, Meihua Wang, Kimberly Porter, Diana F. Nelson, Walter J. Curran, Jeff M. Michalski, Luis Souhami, Arnab Chakravarti, W. K.Alfred Yung, John Delrowe, Christopher T. Coughlin, Minesh P. Mehta

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is rare in early adulthood and little information is available on this subgroup. We investigated whether young age (18-30 years) had an independent effect on survival. We retrospectively reviewed patients from two large databases: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) and American College of Surgeons National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). In the RTOG evaluation, we analyzed all eligible GBM cases from 17 RTOG studies from 1974 to 2002. All patients with GBM during 1985-1998 in the NCDB were examined for comparison. Patients were divided into three cohorts: ages 18-30, 31-49, and ≥50. Overall survival, as a function of age (discreet and continuous), was assessed. The RTOG review included 3,136 patients: 112 (3.6%) were 18-30, 780 (24.9%) were 31-49, and 2,244 (71.6%) were ≥50. The median survival times of the three groups were 21.0, 13.5, and 9.1 months (P < 0.0001). Significant improvement in survival for younger patients was demonstrated with adjustment for recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class. Of the 37,260 patients analyzed in the NCDB, 796 (2.1%) were 18-30, 5,711 (15.3%) were 31-49, and 30,753 (82.5%) were ≥50. The median survival times of the three groups were 18.0, 12.8, and 6.3 months (P < 0.0001). Data were not available for RPA class from this series. GBM is rare in young adulthood, comprising 2.1-3.6% of our patients. They have superior survival, even when adjusted for RPA class. More investigations on the unique biologic and clinical characteristics of tumors in this population are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Age factors
  • Glioblastoma
  • Prognostic factors
  • Survival
  • Young adult

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    Siker, M. L., Wang, M., Porter, K., Nelson, D. F., Curran, W. J., Michalski, J. M., Souhami, L., Chakravarti, A., Yung, W. K. A., Delrowe, J., Coughlin, C. T., & Mehta, M. P. (2011). Age as an independent prognostic factor in patients with glioblastoma: A radiation therapy oncology group and American College of Surgeons National Cancer Data Base comparison. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 104(1), 351-356. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11060-010-0500-6