The field of pediatric surgery has undergone numerous changes throughout the past few years. When laparoscopic surgery was introduced, pediatric surgeons were reluctant to change their practice because many of the instruments were not appropriate for their tiny patients. Shortly thereafter, the development of pediatric laparoscopic surgery was followed quickly by advanced pediatric laparoscopy, which has allowed pediatric surgeons to repair esophageal atresia and pyloric stenosis through the smallest of incisions. The future direction of minimally invasive pediatric surgery involves single-incision laparoscopic surgery, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, and robotic surgery. This article reviews the recent advances in minimally invasive pediatric surgery, and the direction we foresee for the field.
- Minimally Invasive Surgery