Adenine nucleotides of the stria vascularis

I. Thalmann, N. Y. Marcus, R. Thalmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The levels of the adenine nucleotides ATP, ADP, and AMP in the stria vascularis were measured under normal conditions, and following various durations of ischemia. The concentrations of these compounds were used for the calculation of the adenylate energy charge, the energy status and the phosphorylation state of the stria. Following 10 min of ischemia the adenylate energy charge had decreased three fold, the energy status seven fold and the phosphorylation state 14 fold. To study the potential for recovery of strial function following various brief and prolonged ischemic intervals, a method for the perfusion of the ear via the anterior inferior cerebellar artery was developed. For various reasons it was found advantageous to use "artificial blood" as perfusate, relying upon fluorocarbons as oxygen carriers. The endolymphatic potential was used as electrical indicator of strial function. Recovery of the endolymphatic potential following brief periods of ischemia was paralleled by a corresponding increase of the ATP levels and a drastic decrease of the AMP levels of the stria vascularis. Preliminary results on the effects of substrate-free perfusion are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume224
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1979

Keywords

  • Adenylate energy charge
  • Artificial blood
  • Endolymphatic potential
  • Energy status
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Inner ear perfusion
  • Phosphorylation state

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