Addressing Unmet Basic Needs to Improve Colposcopy Adherence Among Women With Abnormal Cervical Cancer Screening

Lindsay Kuroki, L. Stewart Massad, Anne Martin, Jingxia Liu, Dominique Brown, Andrea Leon, Kathleen Groesch, Teresa Wilson, Yahia Zeino, Paula Diaz-Sylvester, Kristin Delfino, Katherine Hyon, Matthew Kreuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to identify unmet basic needs (BNs) among women referred to colposcopy, to assess patient acceptability/satisfaction with assistance from a navigator to address unmet BNs, and to estimate adherence to colposcopy. METHODS: Women were recruited between September 2017 and January 2019 from 2 academic colposcopy centers, one serving a rural and one an urban area. Basic needs were assessed by phone before colposcopy appointments and considered unmet if unlikely to resolve in 1 month. Colposcopy adherence prestudy and poststudy implementation was abstracted over 4-6 months from administrative records. After a lead-in phase of 25 patients at each site, a BN navigator was offered to new participants with 1 or more unmet BNs. Primary outcome was adherence to initial appointment. RESULTS: Among 100 women, 59% had 1 or more unmet BNs, with similar prevalence between urban and rural sites. Adherence to initial colposcopy was 83% overall, 72% at the rural clinic, and 94% at the urban clinic (p = .006). These adherence rates were improved from 4 months before study launch (30/59 [51%] rural clinic and 68/137 [50%] urban clinic). Although acceptability of BN navigation was greater than 96% and women felt that it helped them get to their colposcopy visit, having a navigator was not associated with adherence. Women reporting no unmet BNs had the lowest adherence compared with women with 1 or more unmet BNs, regardless of navigator assistance (p = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged women who need colposcopy have unmet BNs and value navigator assistance for initial appointments. However, when appointment scheduling includes telephone reminders and inquiring about BNs, a navigator may not add value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of lower genital tract disease
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

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