Addition of six-His-tagged peptide to the C terminus of adeno-associated virus VP3 does not affect viral tropism or production

Huang Ge Zhang, Jinfu Xie, Igor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, David T. Curiel, Hui Chen Hsu, John D. Mountz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Production of large quantities of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) is difficult and not cost-effective. To overcome this problem, we have explored the feasibility of creating a recombinant AAV encoding a 6xHis tag on the VP3 capsid protein. We generated a plasmid vector containing a six-His (6xHis)-tagged AAV VP3. A second plasmid vector was generated that contained the full-length AAV capsid capable of producing VP1 and VP2, but not VP3 due to a mutation at position 2809 that encodes the start codon for VP3. These plasmids, necessary for production of AAV, were transfected into 293 cells to generate a 6xHis-tagged VP3mutant recombinant AAV. The 6xHis-tagged VP3 did not affect the formation of AAV virus, and the physical properties of the 6xHis-modified AAV were equivalent to those of wild-type particles. The 6xHis-tagged AAV did not affect the production titer of recombinant AAV and could be used to purify the recombinant AAV using an Ni-nitrilotriacetic acid column. Addition of the 6xHis tag did not alter the viral tropism compared to wild-type AAV. These observations demonstrate the feasibility of producing high-titer AAV containing a 6xHis-tagged AAV VP3 capsid protein and to utilize the 6xHis-tagged VP3 capsid to achieve high-affinity purification of this recombinant AAV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12023-12031
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of virology
Volume76
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002

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