The management of patients presenting with bioprosthetic valve thrombosis presents a major clinical challenge from a diagnostic and management standpoint. This patient population becomes especially challenging to manage when presenting with cardiogenic shock and additional risks for bleeding. In this clinical conference, the authors present the case of a 64-year-old male who developed intraoperative bioprosthetic mitral valve thrombosis and cardiogenic shock necessitating support with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The discussion focuses on the diagnostic challenges with transesophageal echocardiography and the difficulty in determining the proper approach to systemic anticoagulation.
- bioprosthetic heart valves
- cardiogenic shock