Acute myocardial infarction temporally related to cocaine use. Clinical, angiographic, and pathophysiologic observations

H. W.B. Smith, H. A. Liberman, S. L. Brody, L. L. Battey, B. C. Donohue, D. C. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic chest pain syndromes and myocardial infarction occurred within minutes to hours of cocaine use in nine persons ages 23 to 39 years. Five developed symptoms after taking cocaine intranasally; three, after intravenous use; and one, after smoking cocaine. Four were habitual users and five were recreational users; eight also smoked cigarettes heavily. Ischemic syndromes recurred in five who continued to use cocaine. Coronary arteriography showed an abnormal infarct-related vessel (more than 50% stenosis, total occlusion, or intraluminal thrombus) in seven patients. The noninfarct vessels were normal in eight patients. The left anterior descending coronary artery and the anteroapical left-ventricular wall were involved in all patients. After three patients had successful thrombolysis of the obstructed infarct-related vessel, angiography showed a normal underlying vessel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

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