Argon laser iridotomy (ALI) was performed in 50 eyes for prophylactic treatment of anatomically narrow iridocorneal angles and in 50 eyes for therapy of chronic angle-closure glaucoma. Intraocular pressure was increased 6 mmHg or more 1 to 2 hours after ALI in 19 of 50 eyes with anatomical narrow iridocorneal angles and in 23 of 50 eyes with chronic angle-closure glaucoma. Increases greater than 20 mmHg over baseline value occurred in, 5 of 50 eyes with narrow iridocorneal angles and in 7 of 50 eyes with chronic angle-closure glaucoma. A clinically significant increase in intraocular pressure (defined as a pressure 30 mmHg or greater and 40% or more increased over the pre-laser value) occurred 1 to 2 hours after ALI in 11 of 50 eyes with narrow iridocorneal angles and in 17 of 50 eyes with chronic angle-closure glaucoma. There was no statistical difference (chi square P > 0.3) in the incidence of this complication in the two groups. Additional medical therapy was effective in lowering the acute laser-induced elevation in intraocular pressure. Patient diagnosis, patient demographics, preoperative glaucoma medication and laser treatment parameters did not predict which eyes would develop this complication. Eyes which did not have a clinically significant elevation in intraocular pressure 1 to 2 hours after ALI did not show a later increase at 24 hours.
- argon laser
- chronic angle-closure glaucoma
- intraocular pressure
- narrow iridocorneal angle