Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis in Children: An Updated Review Based on Current Diagnostic Criteria

Jordan Cole, Emily Evans, Martin Mwangi, Soe Mar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Uniform diagnostic criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis did not exist until publication of expert-defined consensus definitions by the International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Society Group in 2007, with updates in 2013. In the expanding field of pediatric neuroimmunology, consistent diagnostic criteria are essential to correctly categorize patients as increasing information regarding prognosis and management becomes available. Scientific literature is relatively lacking in review articles on International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Society Group-defined acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. This review focuses primarily on references applying the International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Society Group criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis presenting specific, up-to-date, and translatable information regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnosis, management, and prognosis of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in the pediatric population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
  • International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Society Group diagnostic criteria
  • Pediatric demyelinating disease
  • Topical review

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