Acute care surgery after renal transplantation

Elizabeth R. Benjamin, Jeffrey Jim, Thomas J. Kim, Clifton Meals, H. Albin Gritsch, Areti Tillou, H. Gill Cryer, Jonathan R. Hiatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emergent operation after renal transplantation (RT) has traditionally been associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. We reviewed 2340 adult patients who underwent RT at our tertiary care center and identified 55 patients who required acute care surgical consultation within 1 year of transplantation. Of these, 43 were treated operatively and 12 nonoperatively. Primary diagnoses were intestinal problems in 29 patients (53%), including diverticulitis, ischemia, perforation, obstruction, and bleeding; cholecystitis in 10 (18%); fluid collections in six (11%), appendicitis and hernias in two each (4%); gastritis in one (2%); and no diagnosis in five (9%). Colonic pathology was treated with resection and diversion in 14 of 16 patients who underwent surgery. Acute allograft rejection preceded the surgical problem in five patients. Complications occurred in 13 per cent of patients, and mortality was 9 per cent. Colonic ischemia had a fulminating presentation and particular morbidity.We conclude that acute gastrointestinal emergencies after RT are rare and that early and aggressive intervention using an acute care surgical model yields excellent results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882-886
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume75
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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    Benjamin, E. R., Jim, J., Kim, T. J., Meals, C., Gritsch, H. A., Tillou, A., Cryer, H. G., & Hiatt, J. R. (2009). Acute care surgery after renal transplantation. American Surgeon, 75(10), 882-886.