Acute abdomen: An unusual presentation of disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection

I. George, T. Sudarsanam, A. Pulimood, M. Mathews

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17 Scopus citations


Varied clinical presentations of Penicillium marneffei, an opportunistic pathogen in HIV disease has been rarely described in literature. We report a patient with advanced AIDS who presented to us with prolonged fever and had features of an acute abdomen. On radiologic imaging he had features of intestinal obstruction and mesenteric lymphadenitis. A diagnosis was made possible by endoscopic biopsies of the small bowel and bone marrow culture which grew P. Marneffei. He was treated with intravenous amphotericin for 2 weeks followed by oral itraconazole. This case is reported for its rarity and unusual presentation and to sensitise clinicians and microbiologists to consider this as an aetiology in patients with advanced HIV/AIDS who present with acute abdomen, more so in patients from a distinct geographic region - South-East Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-182
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008


  • Acute abdomen
  • Intestinal mycosis
  • Penicillium marneffei


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