Nephritic Factor (NF), the potent alternative pathway activator, which is occasionally found in association with certain types of nephritis has recently been identified as an IgG class autoantibody specific for the C3 convertase (C3bB) of the alternative pathway. In these studies we have examined the possibility that the cell-bound NF-stabilized C3 convertase (EC3bBNF) binds and activates the first component of the classical pathway of complement. EC3bBNF bound C1q, and the extent of binding was dependent upon the number of NF molecules bound per cell and decreased parallel to the dissociation and release of NF from the cells. Interaction of C1 with bound NF resulted in its activation as shown by the proteolytic conversion of proenzyme C1s ;to its activated form C1s. As was the case with C1q binding, C1 activation was dependent on the number of NF molecules bound per cell. Thus the NF-stabilized C3 convertase binds and activates C1.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1979|