Activation of the α1β2γ2l gabaa receptor by physiological agonists

Spencer R. Pierce, Allison L. Germann, Gustav Akk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Cl permeable GABAA receptor is a major contributor to cellular inhibition in the brain. The receptor is normally activated by synaptically-released or ambient GABA but is sensitive to a number of physiological compounds such as β-alanine, taurine, and neurosteroids that, to various degrees, activate the receptor and modulate responses either to the transmitter or to each other. Here, we describe α1β2γ2L GABAA receptor activation and modulation by combinations of orthosteric and allosteric activators. The overall goal was to gain insight into how changes in the levels of endogenous agonists modulate receptor activity and influence cellular inhibition. Experimental observations and simulations are described in the framework of a cyclic concerted transition model. We also provide general analytical solutions for the analysis of electrophysiological data collected in the presence of combinations of active compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1864
JournalBiomolecules
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Activation
  • Allosteric agonist
  • GABA receptor
  • Orthosteric agonist
  • Potentiation

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