Activation of methane by MH + (M = Fe, Co, and Ni): A combined mass spectrometric and DFT study

Qiang Zhang, Michael T. Bowers

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A mass spectrometric method is used to study the reaction of MH + (M = Fe, Co, and Ni) with methane to form MCH 3 + and H 2 over a wide temperature range from 80 to 850 K. The reaction energy barriers are measured to be 11.7, 1.9, and <0 kcal/mol for Fe, Co, and Ni, respectively. However, the exothermicities of the reactions are close for Fe, Co, and Ni: 5.4, 2.3, and 5.4 kcal/mol, respectively. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are carried out to complement the experimental observations. The DFT calculations indicate that both the MH + reactant and the MCH 3 + product prefer to have a 3d n - 1 4s 1 electron configuration for their metal centers but a 3d n configuration for the metal center in its transition state, MHHCH 3 +; consequently, a crossing between high-spin (3d n - 14s 1) and low-spin (3d n) potential energy surfaces (PESs) takes place at both the entrance and the exit channels of the reaction. The calculated activation energies of 14.3, 4.7, and -1.7 kcal/mol are in good agreement with the experiments. The differences in the activation energies are ascribed to the differences in the energy separation between the 3d n - 14s 1 and the 3d n states for Fe +, Co +, and Ni +. It costs an additional 3.1 kcal/mol for the Fe + center to alter its electron configuration from the FeH + reactant to the MHHCH 3 + transition state; however, Co + and Ni + benefit from the change of the electron configurations by 5.7 and 13.9 kcal/mol, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9755-9761
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number45
StatePublished - Nov 11 2004


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