Activation lateralization in human core, belt, and parabelt auditory fields with unilateral deafness compared to normal hearing

Harold Burton, Jill B. Firszt, Timothy Holden, Alvin Agato, Rosalie M. Uchanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied activation magnitudes in core, belt, and parabelt auditory cortex in adults with normal hearing (NH) and unilateral hearing loss (UHL) using an interrupted, single-event design and monaural stimulation with random spectrographic sounds. NH patients had one ear blocked and received stimulation on the side matching the intact ear in UHL. The objective was to determine whether the side of deafness affected lateralization and magnitude of evoked blood oxygen level-dependent responses across different auditory cortical fields (ACFs). Regardless of ear of stimulation, NH showed larger contralateral responses in several ACFs. With right ear stimulation in UHL, ipsilateral responses were larger compared to NH in core and belt ACFs, indicating neuroplasticity in the right hemisphere. With left ear stimulation in UHL, only posterior core ACFs showed larger ipsilateral responses, suggesting that most ACFs in the left hemisphere had greater resilience against reduced crossed inputs from a deafferented right ear. Parabelt regions located posterolateral to core and belt auditory cortex showed reduced activation in UHL compared to NH irrespective of RE/LE stimulation and lateralization of inputs. Thus, the effect in UHL compared to NH differed by ACF and ear of deafness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-47
Number of pages15
JournalBrain Research
Volume1454
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2012

Keywords

  • Adult unilateral deafness
  • Auditory cortex
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Single-event BOLD response

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