The prognosis of cervical cancer is linked to lymph node involvement, and this is predicted clinically and pathologically by the stage of the disease, as well as the volume and grade of the tumor. Staging of cervical cancer based on International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging uses physical examination, cystoscopy, proctoscopy, intravenous urography, and barium enema. It does not include CT or MRI. Evaluation of the parametrium is limited in FIGO staging, and lymph node metastasis, an important prognostic factor, is not included in FIGO staging. The most important role for imaging is to distinguish stages Ia, Ib, and IIa disease treated with surgery from advanced disease treated with radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy. This article reviews the current role of imaging in pretreatment planning of invasive cervical cancer. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 2 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment.
- Appropriateness Criteria
- cervical cancer