ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging After Breast Surgery

Expert Panel on Breast Imaging, Tejas S. Mehta, Ana P. Lourenco, Bethany L. Niell, Debbie L. Bennett, Ann Brown, Alison Chetlen, Phoebe Freer, Lillian K. Ivansco, Maxine S. Jochelson, Katherine A. Klein, Sharp F. Malak, Marion McCrary, David Mullins, Colleen H. Neal, Mary S. Newell, Gary A. Ulaner, Linda Moy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Given that 20% to 40% of women who have percutaneous breast biopsy subsequently undergo breast surgery, knowledge of imaging women with a history of benign (including high-risk) disease or breast cancer is important. For women who had surgery for nonmalignant pathology, the surveillance recommendations are determined by their overall risk. Higher-than-average risk women with a history of benign surgery may require screening mammography starting at an earlier age before 40 and may benefit from screening MRI. For women with breast cancer who have undergone initial excision and have positive margins, imaging with diagnostic mammography or MRI can sometimes guide additional surgical planning. Women who have completed breast conservation therapy for cancer should get annual mammography and may benefit from the addition of MRI or ultrasound to their surveillance regimen. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision process support the systematic analysis of the medical literature from peer reviewed journals. Established methodology principles such as Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE are adapted to evaluate the evidence. The RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method User Manual provides the methodology to determine the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances in which peer reviewed literature is lacking or equivocal, experts may be the primary evidentiary source available to formulate a recommendation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S341-S356
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • AUC
  • Appropriate Use Criteria
  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast imaging
  • Breast surgery
  • Breast surveillance
  • MRI
  • Mammography


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