Acoustic vector-sensor beamforming and Capon direction estimation

Malcolm Hawkes, Arye Nehorai

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We consider beamforming and Capon direction of arrival (DOA) estimation using arrays of acoustic vector sensors. We derive an expression for the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) on the DOA parameters of a single source. Using this, we give conditions that minimize the lower bound on the asymptotic mean-square angular error, and conditions that ensure it is isotropic. The asymptotic performance of the Capon and beam-forming estimators is analyzed and compared with a scalar-sensor array. The vector-sensor array is seen to have improved performance due to its elements' directional sensitivity. Large sample approximations for the mean-square error (MSE) matrices of the estimators are derived. Throughout, we compare vector-sensor arrays with their scalar-sensor counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1673-1676
Number of pages4
JournalICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 20th International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. Part 2 (of 5) - Detroit, MI, USA
Duration: May 9 1995May 12 1995


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