Achalasia and Obstructive Motor Disorders Are Not Uncommon in Patients With Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Matteo Ghisa, Giorgio Laserra, Elisa Marabotto, Sebastiano Ziola, Salvatore Tolone, Nicola de Bortoli, Marzio Frazzoni, Aurelio Mauro, Roberto Penagini, Vincenzo Savarino, Brigida Barberio, Edoardo Giovanni Giannini, Patrizia Zentilin, C. Prakash Gyawali, Edoardo Savarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: An association has been reported between achalasia and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We performed a retrospective study of high-resolution manometry (HRM) patterns in a large cohort of patients with EoE. Material and methods: We collected data from consecutive patients with a new diagnosis of EoE from 2012 through 2019 undergoing HRM during the initial assessment at different centers in Italy. Demographic, clinical, endoscopic and histological characteristics were recorded at baseline and during management. Diagnoses of EoE and esophageal motility disorders were made according to established criteria. Treatments offered included proton pump inhibitors and topical steroids for EoE, and pneumatic dilation and myotomy for achalasia. Response to therapy was defined as less than 15 eosinophils per high power field in esophageal biopsies. Results: Of 109 consecutive patients (mean age 37 years, 82 male), 68 (62%) had normal findings from HRM. Among 41 patients with motor disorders, 24 (59%) had minor motor disorders and 17 (41%) presented with major motor disorders, including 8 with achalasia (1 with type 1, 4 with type 2, and 3 with type 3). Achalasia and nonachalasia obstructive motor disorders had 14.7% prevalence among patients with EoE. Achalasia was more frequent in women, with longer diagnostic delay and abnormal esophagogram (P < .05) compared with EoE without achalasia or obstructive motor disorders. Clinical features and endoscopic findings did not differ significantly between patients with EoE with vs without achalasia and obstructive motor disorders. A higher proportion of patients without achalasia and obstructive motor disorders responded to topical steroids than patients with these features (P < .005). Invasive achalasia management was required for symptom relief in 50% of patients with achalasia and obstructive motor disorders. Conclusion: Achalasia and obstructive motor disorders are found in almost 15% of patients with EoE, and esophageal eosinophilia might cause these disorders. Patients with EoE who do not respond to standard treatments might require targeted muscle disruption

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1554-1563
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Esophagus
  • Inflammation
  • Manometry
  • Obstructive Motility Disorders

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