Acetylation of the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax oncoprotein by p300 promotes activation of the NF-κB pathway

Julie Lodewick, Isabelle Lamsoul, Angela Polania, Sylvie Lebrun, Arsène Burny, Lee Ratner, Françoise Bex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The oncogenic potential of the HTLV-1 Tax protein involves activation of the NF-κB pathway, which depends on Tax phosphorylation, ubiquitination and sumoylation. We demonstrate that the nuclei of Tax-expressing cells, including HTLV-1 transformed T-lymphocytes, contain a pool of Tax molecules acetylated on lysine residue at amino acid position 346 by the transcriptional coactivator p300. Phosphorylation of Tax on serine residues 300/301 was a prerequisite for Tax localization in the nucleus and correlated with its subsequent acetylation by p300, whereas sumoylation, resulting in the formation of Tax nuclear bodies in which p300 was recruited, favored Tax acetylation. Overexpression of p300 markedly increased Tax acetylation and the ability of a wild type HTLV-1 provirus, -but not of a mutant provirus carrying an acetylation deficient Tax gene-, to activate gene expression from an integrated NF-κB-controlled promoter. Thus, Tax acetylation favors NF-κB activation and might play an important role in HTLV-1-induced cell transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-78
Number of pages11
JournalVirology
Volume386
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2009

Keywords

  • Acetylation
  • CBP/p300
  • HTLV-1
  • NF-κB
  • Tax

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