Acellular dermal allograft for ventral hernia repair in the compromised surgical field

Jose J. Diaz, Jeffrey Guy, Marshall B. Berkes, Oscar Guillamondegui, Richard S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

A ventral hernia and a contaminated surgical field are a difficult surgical combination. We hypothesize that acellular human dermis (AHD) can be a suitable biological tissue alternative in the repair of a ventral hernia. The study involved a retrospective review of the use of AHD in the repair of ventral hernia from 2001-2004. Inclusion criteria included a ventral hernia repair in a clean-contaminated (CC) or contaminated-dirty (CD) surgical field. The primary outcome of the study was wound infection and mesh removal. Patients were stratified into CC and CD, and management of a wound infection [medically managed (MM) or surgically managed (SM)]. Seventy-five patients met the study criteria. The most common comorbidity was hypertension (45.3%). There was one death in the study (from multiple organ dysfunction syndrome). The overall wound infection rate was 33.3 per cent: 11 MM (14.7%) and 14 SM (18.7%). The average length of stay was 16.7 days (±20.8) with a mean follow-up of 275 (±209) days. Subgroup analysis: CC (n = 64) had 9 wound infections that were MM (14.1%) and 12 wound infections that were SM (18.8%); CD (n = 11) had 2 wound infections that were MM (18.2%) and 2 wound infections that were SM (18.2%). Five of 14 SM (35.7%) wound infections required removal of the mesh. Wound infection in the contaminated surgical field occurred 33.3 per cent of the time. Some (18.7%) of the cases required SM management, and 35.7 per cent of these required removal of the AHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181-1187
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume72
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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