Accidental Trauma

Mariel A. Focseneanu, Diane F. Merritt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The most common mode of accidental genital trauma in females is a straddle injury. These injuries may involve the vulva, labia, clitoris, vagina, and adjacent urogenital and anogenital structures. Genital injuries may result in minor lacerations and bruising that heal rapidly, or profuse bleeding may occur in the setting of severe injuries requiring surgical repair. The clinician must assess whether the history provided is compatible with the injuries found on physical exam; inconsistencies should raise suspicion of intentionally inflicted injuries or sexual abuse. The physical exam may be performed with or without anesthesia, depending on the ability of the child to cooperate and the extent of the injury. Vulvar hematomas are painful and may cause urinary retention due to pain and swelling. Evacuating very large or expanding hematomas may reduce pain and hasten recovery. Healing is usually complete without residual defect or long-term adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPractical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780470673874
StatePublished - Apr 25 2013


  • Accidental genital injuries
  • Anogenital injuries
  • Genital trauma
  • Straddle injury
  • Vaginal trauma
  • Vulvar trauma


Dive into the research topics of 'Accidental Trauma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this