Objectives Review the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) to evaluate changes in use. Background The DES were approved after several small studies in carefully selected patients showed dramatic reduction in in-stent restenosis. The DES were then rapidly adopted into routine practice. In 2006, 3 years after introduction, serious concerns regarding long-term safety were raised. Methods We queried the American College of Cardiology/National Cardiovascular Data Registry (ACC/NCDR) CathPCI Registry. The percentage of DES used through mid-2009 was reviewed overall and in subgroups of patients categorized by lesion type, clinical factors, insurance, and hospital characteristics. Multivariable logistic models relating these covariates to DES usage were constructed for 3 relevant time intervals. Results A total of 2,247,647 coronary stent procedures were analyzed. By 2005 over 90% of first stents placed were DES. Safety concerns arising in 2006 reduced DES use to 64% of first stent placed. After publication of salutary outcomes data in 2008, usage increased to 76% by mid-2009. The logistic models demonstrated decreased likelihood of DES usage in patients with: 1) ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions; and 2) no medical insurance. The DES usage increased for in-stent restenosis. Hospital characteristics were not associated with significant differences in DES usage. Conclusions There was rapid adoption of DES into U.S. clinical practice. Concern for late stent thrombosis in 2006 significantly altered DES use with reductions seen in subgroups at risk for thrombosis and patients with no insurance. These rapid cyclic changes after DES introduction reinforce the need for continuous, timely reporting of outcomes data after the introduction of new technologies.
- coronary artery stents
- drug-eluting stents
- outcomes assessment
- percutaneous coronary intervention
- stent thrombosis