Accelerated partial breast irradiation compared with whole breast radiation therapy: a breast cancer cohort study measuring change in radiation side-effects severity and quality of life

M. Pérez, M. Schootman, L. E. Hall, D. B. Jeffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery for early-stage breast cancer patients has similar survival benefits with whole breast RT (WBRT) or accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). However, the impact of RT type and side-effects severity on change in quality of life (QOL) is unknown. We examined changes in RT side-effects severity and QOL by RT type. Methods: We analyzed data from a cohort of 285 newly diagnosed early-stage breast cancer patients with tumor size ≤3.0 cm and lymph node-negative disease. Patients (93 [32.6%] stage 0; 49 [17.2%] non-white; mean age = 59.3 years) completed four interviews (6 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months) after definitive surgical treatment. We measured severity of RT side effects, fatigue and skin irritation, using a 5-point scale (1 “not at all” to 5 “all the time”) and measured QOL using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B) and RAND 36-item Health Survey Vitality subscale. Repeated-measures analysis of covariance of each outcome controlled for demographic, clinical/treatment, and psychosocial factors. Results: Patients initiated RT by 6 months (113 received APBI; 172 received WBRT) and completed RT by 12 months. Patients receiving WBRT (vs. APBI) reported greater increase in fatigue and skin irritation severity from 6-week to 6-month interviews (each P < 0.001). Improvement in neither total FACT-B nor Vitality differed significantly by RT type over 2-year follow-up. Conclusions: Findings suggest that early-stage breast cancer patients can benefit from less-severe, short-term side effects of APBI with no differential impact on QOL change within 2-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-342
Number of pages14
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume162
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Accelerated treatments
  • Breast cancer
  • Quality of life
  • Radiation therapy
  • Side effects

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