Absence of the skeletal muscle sarcolemma chloride channel ClC-1 in myotonic mice

C. A. Gurnett, S. D. Kahl, R. D. Anderson, K. P. Campbell

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The voltage-dependent chloride channel ClC-1 stabilizes resting membrane potential in skeletal muscle. Mutations in the ClC-1 gene are responsible for both human autosomal recessive generalized myotonia and autosomal dominant myotonia congenita. To understand the tissue distribution and subcellular localization of ClC-1 and to evaluate its role in an animal model of myotonia, antibodies were raised against the carboxyl terminus of this protein. Expression of the 130-kDa ClC-1 protein is unique to skeletal muscle, consistent with its mRNA tissue distribution. Immunolocalization shows prominent ClC-1 antigen in the sarcolemma of both type I and II muscle fibers. Sarcolemma localization is confirmed by Western analysis of skeletal muscle subcellular fractions. The ADR myotonic mouse (phenotype ADR, genotype adr/adr), in which defective ClC-1 mRNA has been identified, is shown here to be absent in ClC-1 protein expression, whereas other skeletal muscle sarcolemma protein expression appears normal. Immunohistochemistry of skeletal muscle from ADR and other mouse models of human muscle disease demonstrate that the absence of ClC-1 chloride channel is a defect specific to ADR mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9035-9038
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1995


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