Hemophilia A (HA) is a bleeding disorder caused by factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency. FVIII replacement therapy can reduce bleeding but is expensive, inconvenient, and complicated by development of antibodies that inhibit FVIII activity in 30% of patients. Neonatal hepatic gene therapy could result in continuous secretion of FVIII into blood and might reduce immunological responses. Newborn HA mice and dogs that were injected i.v. with a retroviral vector (RV) expressing canine B domain-deleted FVIII (cFVIII) achieved plasma cFVIII activity that was 139 ± 22% and 116 ± 5% of values found in normal dogs, respectively, which was stable for 1.5 yr. Coagulation tests were normalized, no bleeding had occurred, and no inhibitors were detected. This is a demonstration of long-term fully therapeutic gene therapy for HA in a large animal model. Desmopressin (DDAVP; 1-deamino-[D-Arg8]vasopressin) is a drug that increases FVIII activity by inducing release of FVIII complexed with von Willebrand factor from endothelial cells. It has been unclear, however, if the FVIII is synthesized by endothelial cells or is taken up from blood. Because the plasma cFVIII in these RV-treated dogs derives primarily from transduced hepatocytes, they provided a unique opportunity to study the biology of the DDAVP response. Here we show that DDAVP did not increase plasma cFVIII levels in the RV-treated dogs, although von Willebrand factor was increased appropriately. This result suggests that the increase in FVIII in normal dogs after DDAVP is due to release of FVIII synthesized by endothelial cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 26 2005|
- B domain-deleted
- Retroviral vector