The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays crucial roles in regulation of stress responses and growth modulation. Heterotrimeric G-proteins are key mediators of ABA responses. Both ABA and G-proteins have also been implicated in intracellular redox regulation; however, the extent to which reversible protein oxidation manipulates ABA and/or G-protein signaling remains uncharacterized. To probe the role of reversible protein oxidation in plant stress response and its dependence on G-proteins, we determined the ABA-dependent reversible redoxome of wild-type and Gβ-protein null mutant agb1 of Arabidopsis. We quantified 6891 uniquely oxidized cysteine-containing peptides, 923 of which show significant changes in oxidation following ABA treatment. The majority of these changes required the presence of G-proteins. Divergent pathways including primary metabolism, reactive oxygen species response, translation and photosynthesis exhibited both ABA- and G-protein-dependent redox changes, many of which occurred on proteins not previously linked to them. We report the most comprehensive ABA-dependent plant redoxome and uncover a complex network of reversible oxidations that allow ABA and G-proteins to rapidly adjust cellular signaling to adapt to changing environments. Physiological validation of a subset of these observations suggests that functional G-proteins are required to maintain intracellular redox homeostasis and fully execute plant stress responses.
- abscisic acid
- redox proteomics