Diabetes has emerged as a major co-morbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). The 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to screen for CF-related diabetes (CFRD) but is inconvenient, and adherence to screening is poor. The 50 g glucose challenge test (GCT) is shorter, performed non-fasting, and may serve to pre-screen the subset of individuals requiring confirmatory OGTT. We performed a pilot study in twenty-seven CF individuals across the glucose tolerance spectrum to test whether the GCT could identify subjects with abnormal glucose tolerance defined as 2-h OGTT glucose ≥7.8 mmol/L (2 h-AGT) or 1-h defined as 1-hr OGTT glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L (1 h-AGT). A GCT threshold of 8.1 mmol/L was 73% sensitive and 63% specific for 2hr-AGT and 80% sensitive and 65% specific for 1hr-AGT. Therefore, a screening GCT may reduce need for confirmatory OGTT for identifying AGT but a larger study is warranted to identify a robust cutoff for CFRD.
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Cystic Fibrosis Related Diabetes
- Glucose challenge test
- Oral glucose tolerance test