Abnormal cardiac repolarization after seizure episodes in structural brain diseases: Cardiac manifestation of electrical remodeling in the brain?

Shusuke Mori, Atsushi Hori, Isik Turker, Motoki Inaji, Erika Bello-Pardo, Takashi Miida, Yasuhiro Otomo, Tomohiko Ai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Abnormal cardiac repolarization is observed in patients with epilepsy and can be associated with sudden death. We investigated whether structural brain abnormalities are correlated with abnormal cardiac repolarizations in patients with seizure or epilepsy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed and compared 12-lead ECG parameters following seizures between patients with and without structural brain abnormalities. A total of 96 patients were included: 33 women (17 with and 16 without brain abnormality) and 63 men (44 with and 19 without brain abnormality). Brain abnormalities included past stroke, chronic hematoma, remote bleeding, tumor, trauma, and postsurgical state. ECG parameters were comparable for heart rate, PR interval, and QRS duration between groups. In contrast, corrected QT intervals evaluated by Fridericia, Framingham, and Bazett formulas were prolonged in patients with brain abnormality compared with those without (women: Fridericia [normal versus abnormal], 397.4±32.7 versus 470.9±48.9; P=0.002; Framingham, 351.0±40.1 versus 406.2±46.1; P=0.002; Bazett, 423.8±38.3 versus 507.7±56.6; P<0.0001; men: Fridericia, 403.8±30.4 versus 471.0±47.1; P<0.0001; Framingham, 342.7±36.4 versus 409.4±45.8; P<0.0001; Bazett, 439.3±38.6 versus 506.2±56.8; P<0.0001). QT dispersion and Tpeak −Tend intervals were comparable between groups. We also observed abnormal ST-segment elevation in 5 patients. Importantly, no patients showed fatal arrhythmias during or after seizures. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that brain abnormalities can be associated with abnormal cardiac repolarization after seizures, which might be a manifestation of electrophysiological remodeling in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere019778
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2021

Keywords

  • QT prolongation
  • ST-segment elevation
  • Seizure
  • Sudden death

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