A vertebrate myosin-I structure reveals unique insights into myosin mechanochemical tuning

Henry Shuman, Michael J. Greenberg, Adam Zwolak, Tianming Lin, Charles V. Sindelar, Roberto Dominguez, E. Michael Ostap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myosins are molecular motors that power diverse cellular processes, such as rapid organelle transport, muscle contraction, and tension-sensitive anchoring. The structural adaptations in the motor that allow for this functional diversity are not known, due, in part, to the lack of high-resolution structures of highly tension-sensitive myosins.We determined a 2.3-A resolution structure of apo-myosin-Ib (Myo1b), which is the most tension-sensitive myosin characterized. We identified a striking unique orientation of structural elements that position the motor's lever arm. This orientation results in a cavity between the motor and lever arm that holds a 10-residue stretch of N-terminal amino acids, a region that is divergent among myosins. Single-molecule and biochemical analyses show that the N terminus plays an important role in stabilizing the post power-stroke conformation of Myo1b and in tuning the rate of the force-sensitive transition. We propose that this region plays a general role in tuning the mechanochemical properties of myosins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2116-2121
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2014

Keywords

  • Cryo-EM
  • Mechanochemistry
  • Optical tweezers
  • Structural biology

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