[3H]Nitrendipine binding to drug receptor sites associated with calcium channels is allosterically regulated by a diverse group of calcium channel antagonists. Verapamil, D-600 (methoxyverapamil), tiapamil, lidoflazine, flunarizine, cinnarizine, and prenylamine all reduce [3H]nitrendipine binding affinity. By contrast, diltiazem, a benzothiazepine calcium channel antagonist, enhances [3H]nitrendipine binding. All these drug effects involve a single site allosterically linked to the [3H]nitrendipine binding site. Inhibition of [3H]nitrendipine binding by prenylamine, lidoflazine, or tiapamil is reversed by D-600 and diltiazem, which alone respectively slightly reduce or enhance [3H]nitrendipine binding. Diltiazem reverses the inhibition of [3H]nitrendipine binding by D-600. Our prediction that drugs allosterically regulating [3H]nitrendipine binding should be calcium antagonists is confirmed by calcium antagonism in guinea pig ileum observed with the antihistamine dimethindene, the neuroleptics thioridazine and mesoridazine, and the anticholinergic biperiden.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||3 I|
|State||Published - 1983|