A trio of ubiquitin ligases sequentially drives ubiquitylation and autophagic degradation of dysfunctional yeast proteasomes

Richard S. Marshall, Richard D. Vierstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

As central effectors of ubiquitin (Ub)-mediated proteolysis, proteasomes are regulated at multiple levels, including degradation of unwanted or dysfunctional particles via autophagy (termed proteaphagy). In yeast, inactive proteasomes are exported from the nucleus, sequestered into cytoplasmic aggresomes via the Hsp42 chaperone, extensively ubiquitylated, and then tethered to the expanding phagophore by the autophagy receptor Cue5. Here, we demonstrate the need for ubiquitylation driven by the trio of Ub ligases (E3s), San1, Rsp5, and Hul5, which together with their corresponding E2s work sequentially to promote nuclear export and Cue5 recognition. Whereas San1 functions prior to nuclear export, Rsp5 and Hul5 likely decorate aggresome-localized proteasomes in concert. Ultimately, topologically complex Ub chain(s) containing both K48 and K63 Ub-Ub linkages are assembled, mainly on the regulatory particle, to generate autophagy-competent substrates. Because San1, Rsp5, Hul5, Hsp42, and Cue5 also participate in general proteostasis, proteaphagy likely engages a fundamental mechanism for eliminating inactive/misfolded proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110535
JournalCell Reports
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2022

Keywords

  • CP: Molecular Biology
  • aggresome
  • autophagy
  • core protease
  • proteaphagy
  • proteasome
  • regulatory particle
  • ubiquitin
  • ubiquitin ligase
  • yeast

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