A systematic review/meta-analysis of prevalence and incidence rates illustrates systemic underrepresentation of individuals racialized as Asian and/or Asian-American in ADRD research

Yiqi Zhu, Soobin Park, Ramana Kolady, Wenqing Zha, Ying Ma, Amanda Dias, Katherine McGuire, Angela Hardi, Sunny Lin, Zahinoor Ismail, Paris B. Adkins-Jackson, Jean Francois Trani, Ganesh M. Babulal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD) prevalence, incidence rate, and risk factors in individuals racialized as Asian and/or Asian-American and assess sample representation. Prevalence, incidence rate, risk factors, and heterogeneity of samples were assessed. Random-effects meta-analysis was conducted, generating pooled estimates. Of 920 records across 14 databases, 45 studies were included. Individuals racialized as Asian and/or Asian-American were mainly from Eastern and Southern Asia, had higher education, and constituted a smaller sample relative to non-Hispanic white cohorts. The average prevalence was 10.9%, ranging from 0.4% to 46%. The average incidence rate was 20.03 (12.01-33.8) per 1000 person-years with a range of 75.19–13.59 (12.89-14.33). Risk factors included physiological, genetic, psychological, behavioral, and social factors. This review underscores the systemic underrepresentation of individuals racialized as Asian and/or Asian-American in ADRD research and the need for inclusive approaches accounting for culture, language, and immigration status. Highlights: There is considerable heterogeneity in the prevalence of ADRD among studies of Asian-Americans. There is limited data on group-specific risk factors for ADRD among Asian–Americans. The average prevalence of (ADRD) among Asian–Americans was found to be 7.4%, with a wide range from 0.5% to 46%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease and related dementia
  • asian
  • asian-american
  • disparity
  • incidence
  • prevalence

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