Introduction: The neurofibromatoses comprise three different genetic conditions causing considerable morbidity and mortality: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis (SWN). This review summarizes recent and ongoing clinical trials involving patients with neurofibromatoses to better understand the current state of clinical trial research centered around these conditions and inform areas of need. Methods: A search was conducted using the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and clinicaltrials.gov databases. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were designed to identify clinical trials focused on patients with NF1, NF2, or SWN completed in or after 2010 and in process as of December 31, 2021. Information was collected using standardized guidelines. Results: A total of 134 clinical trials were included, with 75 (56%) completed and 59 (44%) in process. For completed trials, 74% (n = 56) involved patients with NF1, and of those based on specific tumors (n = 26, 46%), the majority focused on plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) (n = 12, 46%). For ongoing trials, 79% (n = 47) involve patients with NF1, and of those based on specific tumors (n = 29, 61%), the majority are focused on PNs (n = 13, 45%). Conclusion: Both recent and ongoing clinical trials have primarily focused on patients with NF1 and the treatment of PNs. This research has led to the first FDA-approved drug for NF1-PN and has changed management of these tumors, allowing for systemic therapy rather than reliance on only a surgical modality. Trials evaluating comorbid psychiatric conditions and quality of life among patients with any of the neurofibromatoses appear less common. These areas may warrant focus in future studies to improve clinical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Neurology
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • Clinical trials
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Pediatric tumors
  • Schwannomatosis


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