A systematic review and case series of ziprasidone for psychosis in Parkinson's disease

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Abstract

The atypical antipsychotic ziprasidone has been considered inappropriate for use in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), as most atypical antipsychotics worsen parkinsonism. However, the current evidence for safety and efficacy of ziprasidone in PDP has not been evaluated in a systematic fashion. We review published experience with ziprasidone for treating psychosis in PD via systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Clinicaltrials.gov with terms related to "ziprasidone" and "Parkinson's disease", inclusive of case reports and prospective studies. We also add seven cases of ziprasidone exposure in patients in our center with idiopathic PD or Lewy body dementia (DLB), selected by retrospective query of all clinical data since 1996. In our review, two prospective trials and 11 case reports or series were found, with ziprasidone found to be generally effective for treatment of psychosis and with few adverse events reported. Our case series did not support efficacy of ziprasidone; it was generally safe in PD, but two patients with DLB had adverse motor events. We conclude that, although ziprasidone occasionally can produce substantial worsening of motor signs, it usually is well tolerated, and may provide in some cases a useful alternative to quetiapine, clozapine and pimavanserin, particularly in the acute care setting. Further randomized controlled studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Parkinson's Disease
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Parkinson's disease
  • hallucinations
  • lewy body disease
  • parkinsonism
  • psychotic disorders

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