A single intranasal or intramuscular immunization with chimpanzee adenovirus-vectored SARS-CoV-2 vaccine protects against pneumonia in hamsters

Traci L. Bricker, Tamarand L. Darling, Ahmed O. Hassan, Houda H. Harastani, Allison Soung, Xiaoping Jiang, Ya Nan Dai, Haiyan Zhao, Lucas J. Adams, Michael J. Holtzman, Adam L. Bailey, James Brett Case, Daved H. Fremont, Robyn Klein, Michael S. Diamond, Adrianus C.M. Boon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of an effective vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiologic agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a global priority. Here, we compare the protective capacity of intranasal and intramuscular delivery of a chimpanzee adenovirus-vectored vaccine encoding a prefusion stabilized spike protein (chimpanzee adenovirus [ChAd]-SARS-CoV-2-S) in Golden Syrian hamsters. Although immunization with ChAd-SARS-CoV-2-S induces robust spike-protein-specific antibodies capable of neutralizing the virus, antibody levels in serum are higher in hamsters vaccinated by an intranasal compared to intramuscular route. Accordingly, against challenge with SARS-CoV-2, ChAd-SARS-CoV-2-S-immunized hamsters are protected against less weight loss and have reduced viral infection in nasal swabs and lungs, and reduced pathology and inflammatory gene expression in the lungs, compared to ChAd-control immunized hamsters. Intranasal immunization with ChAd-SARS-CoV-2-S provides superior protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection and inflammation in the upper respiratory tract. These findings support intranasal administration of the ChAd-SARS-CoV-2-S candidate vaccine to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, disease, and possibly transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109400
JournalCell Reports
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2021

Keywords

  • ChAd vectored vaccine
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Syrian hamster
  • intranasal immunization

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