Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an immune deficiency characterized by defective neutrophil function and increased risk of life-threatening infections. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is curative for CGD, and conditioning regimen impacts transplant-related outcomes. We report a single-center prospective study (NCT01821781) of four patients with CGD transplanted using a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) containing alemtuzumab, fludarabine, melphalan, and thiotepa. Patients had early immune reconstitution with low incidence of infections. Disease-free survival was 75% at a median of five years after transplant. This RIC regimen presents an alternative approach for transplant of patients with CGD who may not tolerate busulfan-based conditioning.
- chronic granulomatous disease
- immune deficiencies
- pediatric allogeneic transplant
- reduced-intensity conditioning