A single bout of resistance exercise improves postprandial lipid metabolism in overweight/obese men with prediabetes

Adam J. Bittel, Daniel C. Bittel, Bettina Mittendorfer, Bruce W. Patterson, Adewole L. Okunade, Jun Yoshino, Lane C. Porter, Nada A. Abumrad, Dominic N. Reeds, W. Todd Cade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: Prediabetes is associated with postprandial hypertriacylglycerolaemia. Resistance exercise acutely lowers postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TG); however, the changes in lipid metabolism that mediate this reduction are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the constitutive metabolic mechanisms underlying the changes in postprandial lipid metabolism after resistance exercise in obese men with prediabetes. Methods: We evaluated the effect of a single bout of whole-body resistance exercise (seven exercises, three sets, 10–12 repetitions at 80% of one-repetition maximum) on postprandial lipid metabolism in ten middle-aged (50 ± 9 years), overweight/obese (BMI: 33 ± 3 kg/m2), sedentary men with prediabetes (HbA1c >38 but <48 mmol/mol [>5.7% but <6.5%]), or fasting plasma glucose >5.6 mmol/l but <7.0 mmol/l or 2 h OGTT glucose >7.8 mmol/l but <11.1 mmol/l). We used a randomised, crossover design with a triple-tracer mixed meal test (ingested [(13C4)3]tripalmitin, i.v. [U-13C16]palmitate and [2H5]glycerol) to evaluate chylomicron-TG and total triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL)-TG kinetics. We used adipose tissue and skeletal muscle biopsies to evaluate the expression of genes regulating lipolysis and lipid oxidation, skeletal muscle respirometry to evaluate oxidative capacity, and indirect calorimetry to assess whole-body lipid oxidation. Results: The single bout of resistance exercise reduced the lipaemic response to a mixed meal in obese men with prediabetes without changing chylomicron-TG or TRL-TG fractional clearance rates. However, resistance exercise reduced endogenous and meal-derived fatty acid incorporation into chylomicron-TG and TRL-TG. Resistance exercise also increased whole-body lipid oxidation, skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration, oxidative gene expression in skeletal muscle, and the expression of key lipolysis genes in adipose tissue. Conclusions/interpretation: A single bout of resistance exercise improves postprandial lipid metabolism in obese men with prediabetes, which may mitigate the risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-623
Number of pages13
JournalDiabetologia
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Chylomicron
  • Lipid oxidation
  • Lipoprotein
  • Obesity
  • Postprandial
  • Prediabetes
  • Resistance exercise
  • Stable isotope tracer
  • VLDL

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