A simplified approach to quasi-linear viscoelastic modeling

Ali Nekouzadeh, Kenneth M. Pryse, Elliot L. Elson, Guy M. Genin

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76 Scopus citations


The fitting of quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) constitutive models to material data often involves somewhat cumbersome numerical convolution. A new approach to treating quasi-linearity in 1-D is described and applied to characterize the behavior of reconstituted collagen. This approach is based on a new principle for including nonlinearity and requires considerably less computation than other comparable models for both model calibration and response prediction, especially for smoothly applied stretching. Additionally, the approach allows relaxation to adapt with the strain history. The modeling approach is demonstrated through tests on pure reconstituted collagen. Sequences of "ramp-and-hold" stretching tests were applied to rectangular collagen specimens. The relaxation force data from the "hold" was used to calibrate a new "adaptive QLV model" and several models from literature, and the force data from the "ramp" was used to check the accuracy of model predictions. Additionally, the ability of the models to predict the force response on a reloading of the specimen was assessed. The "adaptive QLV model" based on this new approach predicts collagen behavior comparably to or better than existing models, with much less computation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3070-3078
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2007


  • Quasi-linear viscoelasticity
  • Reconstituted collagen
  • Viscoelastic modeling


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