Background: Uncemented total knee arthroplasty is increasing as a potential solution for aseptic loosening via biologic fixation and to increase operative efficiency. However, postoperative radiolucent lines (RLLs) remain a concern for some clinicians. We report on a multicenter analysis of these RLLs over a 2-year period to identify their incidence, progression, and clinical significance. Material and methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective, multicenter case series. A total of 312 patients treated with a single cruciate-retaining, fully porous coated femoral and tibial component design were included in the study. All patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically in the early postoperative period and at final follow-up (average 2.0 years). Average age of the study group was 58.2 years, and average body mass index was 30.7. Of the total, 66% were male, and 34% were female. Two independent surgeons evaluated the radiographs at the initial postoperative visit and at the most recent follow-up for RLLs. Knee Society Scores and range of motion (ROM) were collected at each visit. Results: We identified RLLs in 25% of patients. All RLLs were less than 1 mm in size and located at the periphery of the tibial implant. None of the RLLs were progressive. At the final follow-up, compared with early postoperative imaging, no new RLLs were identified. Average ROM in flexion was 124 degrees, and the average Knee Society Scores at the most recent clinical follow-up was 96. Conclusion: RLLs are commonly seen following cementless TKA, most commonly underneath the tibial tray. Based on this data set, there does not appear to be progression of these RLLs with time, and they do not appear to have an effect on ROM or clinical outcome at 2 years.
- Total knee arthroplasty