A severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse model for infection with entamoeba histolytica

Paul R. Cieslak, Herbert W. Virgin, Samuel L. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice to study resistance to invasive infection with Entamoeba histolytica. Seven of seven SCID mice developed liver abscesses when challenged intrahepatically with virulent HMI:IMSS strain 15. histolytica trophozoites. Only one of seven similarly challenged immunocompetent congenic C.B-17 mice developed an abscess. Adoptive transfer of polyclonal rabbit anti-E, histolytica antiserum, but not preimmune rabbit serum, completely protected 7 of 12 SCID mice from intrahepatic challenge with ameba. These results demonstrate that lymphocyte-based immunity is important in protection against amebic liver abscess, and that anti-E, histolytica antibody can protect against amebic infection in this system. The SCID mouse may provide a powerful model for studying the components of protective immunity to invasive amebiasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1605-1609
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume176
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1992

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