A Series of Suppressive Signals within the Drosophila Circadian Neural Circuit Generates Sequential Daily Outputs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the Drosophila circadian neural circuit using whole-brain imaging in vivo. Five major groups of pacemaker neurons display synchronized molecular clocks, yet each exhibits a distinct phase of daily Ca2+ activation. Light and neuropeptide pigment dispersing factor (PDF) from morning cells (s-LNv) together delay the phase of the evening (LNd) group by ∼12 hr; PDF alone delays the phase of the DN3 group by ∼17 hr. Neuropeptide sNPF, released from s-LNv and LNd pacemakers, produces Ca2+ activation in the DN1 group late in the night. The circuit also features negative feedback by PDF to truncate the s-LNv Ca2+ wave and terminate PDF release. Both PDF and sNPF suppress basal Ca2+ levels in target pacemakers with long durations by cell-autonomous actions. Thus, light and neuropeptides act dynamically at distinct hubs of the circuit to produce multiple suppressive events that create the proper tempo and sequence of circadian pacemaker neuronal activities. Liang et al. record 24-hr Ca2+ activity patterns in all the major circadian pacemaker neurons of the Drosophila brain in vivo. Their results reveal a series of suppressive signals that creates a dynamic and patterned sequence of temporal outputs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1189.e4
JournalNeuron
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2017

Keywords

  • Drosophila
  • calcium
  • circadian physiology
  • modulation
  • neuropeptide

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Series of Suppressive Signals within the Drosophila Circadian Neural Circuit Generates Sequential Daily Outputs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this